Farming practices have changed dramatically over time, from simple hand tools to the new, advanced machines we use today. Farmers are now welcoming modernity, allowing them to maximize their ability in whatever agricultural endeavor they want to engage in. Farming practices are getting more refined, little manual labor is decreasing, yields are increasing, and it is not unusual to see beef chickens, beef cattle, and dairy cows on the same farm. What, though, is triggering these shifts? The solution is straightforward. Science and technology!
Agriculture is no exception to the technological advances that have permeated every industry around the world. Technology is now greatly assisting growers and farmers in various areas, including accurate forecasts, data-driven decision-making, and more. The reforms have benefited most farmers’ bottom lines, resulting in more access to agricultural goods at fair prices. Let’s look at how technology has changed agriculture in particular ways.
GPS (Global Positioning System)
The thought of tractors pulling themselves on the farm was unthinkable a few decades ago. The introduction of GPS technology, on the other hand, has changed everything. GPS provides accurate positioning data at any point on or near the earth’s surface. As a result, farming machines equipped with GPS receivers will identify their location inside the farm and adjust their operation to optimize productivity at that location.
Tractors outfitted with GPS technology and automated steering systems are now used to optimize seed positioning on farms, minimizing waste and costs. GPS-guided drones are now widely being used for crop spraying, livestock tracking, and 3D imaging.
Farmers are constantly using sensors, such as GPS technologies and electrical manufacturing solutions, to understand their crops at a micro level, reduce environmental effects, and save energy. The majority of precision agriculture sensing technologies provide vital data that enables farmers to adapt their approaches to environmental factors.
Location sensors use GPS satellite signals to determine longitude, latitude, and altitude. A farmer should have at least three satellites to accurately triangulate a location. In precision agriculture, optical sensors collect and process data on plant color and soil reflectance. They are specifically used to assess the soil’s organic matter, moisture content, and clay content.
Sensors will generally measure anything from soil temperature to humidity levels in grain silos. They can also have vital awareness of soil quality. Importantly, sensor technology enables farmers to use irrigation water more effectively, reducing waste and costs.
As technology improves daily, mobile phone technology has advanced, as evidenced by the number of apps popping up. This development has significantly impacted every sphere of life, with agriculture too benefiting from the progress.
The actual game changer has been mobile applications with agricultural services. They have altered the lives of farmers and agricultural field holders for the better. Farmers can access several mobile apps that can help them collect information on their field farms, check the weather, and receive relevant updates.
With farmers getting insightful details from mobile apps, they are smoothly transitioning from handling fields to creating farm maps and facilitating drones. The software behind the apps put them in the drivers’ seat when managing everything from strategy formulation to tracking progress.